An estimated 10.7% of adults in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward metro area smoke, lower than the 17.0% national smoking rate and lower than the 12.8% statewide smoking rate. The San Francisco smoking rate is the second lowest in California.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, smoking is the number one cause of preventable death in the United States. Approximately one in every five deaths, or more than 480,000 deaths annually, result from tobacco use.
Because of the habit’s many health consequences, life expectancy for smokers is more than 10 years shorter than that of nonsmokers. San Francisco residents have a life expectancy of 81.5 years, longer than the average American life expectancy of 78.5 years. San Francisco has the second highest life expectancy of any California metro area.
The most common cause of premature death for smokers is lung cancer. In San Francisco there are 47 cases of lung cancer for every 100,000 residents, a lower incidence than the national rate of 62 lung cancer cases per 100,000 Americans.
Across the country, smokers are about three times as likely to die prematurely than nonsmokers. For every 100,000 residents in San Francisco, an estimated 242 die before the age of 75, a smaller number than the national mortality rate of 474 premature deaths per 100,000 Americans.
Over the past half century, the U.S. smoking rate has declined from 42.4% of adults to just 17.0%. In poor communities, however, the improvement was far less substantial. While 15.2% of adults at or above the poverty level smoke today, 26.3% of those below the poverty line do. In San Francisco, 10.6% of residents live in poverty, a smaller share than the 14.7% national poverty rate.
Smoking is also far more likely among less educated Americans. An estimated 47.2% of San Francisco adults have at least a bachelor’s degree, a larger share than than the national rate and the second highest of any metro area in California.
|9||Bowling Green, KY||23.4%|
|3||Lake Charles, LA||24.4%|
|1||Pine Bluff, AR||25.5%|